A State by State Guide to Addictions Professional Requirements

Addictions Counseling Student Resources
Professional and Student Organizations
The benefits of joining an Addictions Counselor professional organization as a professional as well as a student.
What's up with all the titles?
Addictions Counselor, Substance Abuse Counselor, Chemical Dependency Therapist??? Find out why there are all these titles.
Gambling Addiction Counseling
Not all addictions are chemical addictions.
Steps to Become an Addictions Counselor
A basic guide for the student new to this field.

capella university addiction studies

Find Addiction Counseling Certification & Degree Programs

Addictions Counseling Education and Training
Undergraduate Addictions Counseling Degree Options
There are a lot of options out there. Learn about some starting points.
Substance Abuse/Addictions Counseling Associate's Degrees
Is an Associate's Degree in Addictions Counseling necessary?
Master's Degrees in Addictions Counseling
Options for Substance Abuse/Addictions Counseling Master's Degrees.
Substance Abuse Counseling Certifications
What to Know About the Substance Abuse Counseling Certification / Licensure Process

What do you need to do to become a Substance Abuse Counselor?

substance abuse counselor student

Substance abuse counselors often work in community services or other public facilities. To become one, you need specialized training in job functions. You will also need work experience before you can attain certification or licensure. At some point along the way, an examination is usually required.

Educational Options

You do not need as much education to become a substance abuse counselor as you do to assume many other mental health roles, including Licensed Professional Counselor or psychologist. It is sometimes possible to enter the field with a high school diploma. In many jurisdictions, you have the choice of learning counseling strategies and addiction-related concepts through approved continuing education or academic coursework.

A degree can be an asset, however. Formal education can be about more than just taking classes. Practicum or internship is a common requirement. The program may place you in one or more settings where you can make connections and begin to acquire that important (but sometimes elusive) experience. Didactic coursework also serves a role. The Addiction Technology Transfer Center calls formal education fundamental.

You can learn more about the various undergraduate education options in these two articles:

Academic Degrees

Degrees are offered at the associate's, bachelor's, and master’s levels. Requirements will vary by location and job role, but it is often the norm to hold a bachelor’s. In a 2012 report by the ATTC, directors reported that more than 60% of their direct care addictions staff had degrees at the bachelor's level or higher (

While a bachelor's isn't technically required to work in the addiction counseling field, it can shorten the path to licensure. The well-respected International Certification and Reciprocity Consortium (IC&RC) has member boards in most states. In many states, a bachelor's degree can substitute for 2,000 hours of work experience, the equivalent of a full-time year. Even a degree at the associate's level will often shorten the path slightly. There is sometimes greater degree flexibility for those with education at the bachelor's level.

A bachelor's degree can do more than just reduce the number of hours you have to work to attain full credentialing. Sometimes it makes you eligible for a higher level of certification. Whereas IC&RC certifications typically grant equivalency credit for degrees, the NAADAC certification recognizes the degree directly. The Nationally Certified Addiction Counselor II (NCAC II) certification is not granted solely on the basis of education – but it is granted only to individuals with bachelor's degrees.

Some states have license categories specifically for individuals with education at the bachelor's level. Others set minimum requirements for qualified counselors, but don't mandate certification in all cases. Having a degree can make you qualified personnel when you wouldn't be otherwise.

Capella University offers an Online Master of Science in Addiction Studies, a PhD in Addiction Psychology as well as three online CACREP- accredited master's programs: Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Marriage and Family Therapy, and School Counseling. Click here to contact Capella University and request information about their programs.

Entering the Field

Nearly half of directors responding to the 2012 survey reported that they faced challenges in staffing facilities with qualified workers. Of these, a majority cited a lack of qualified applicants. Roughly half cited lack of education and training; the other half cited lack of work experience in substance use disorder facilities.

You can choose your degree program -- and your curricular and extracurricular activities -- so that you finish with both. Some good news: Almost a third of ATTC respondents indicated that practicum and internship placements constituted an important part of the employee recruitment process.

If you are just getting started, you may want to check out ATTC resources for students ( You may also want to consider joining NAADAC as a student member (

A strong academic and professional background can mean choices. Work settings are varied, and can include correctional institutions and hotlines as well as detoxification centers, behavioral health units, methadone clinics, community health centers, and employee assistance programs.